Before graphical user interfaces (GUI), drag and drop desktops, and voice activated assistances (e.g., Siri), the only way to interact with a computer was through written commands using the command line interface (CLI).
Wharton Research Data Services (WRDS) is the standard finance and accounting data source for academic research. WRDS is composed of many individual datasets provided by different vendors. The two most commonly used are Compustat (for accounting data) and CRSP (for stock data).
Time Value of Money The internal rate of return (IRR) is simply the rate r that equates the future value of money to the present value. Despite being a foundational tool in financial analysis, the economic interpretation of this value is highly contested.
This is the first in a series of articles about package managers for various programs. Packages are optional plugins that provide some extra functionality to a program you use. They are often free and open source software (FOSS) made by individuals or consortiums.